Pecans are similar to walnuts but have their own distinct shape, texture and flavor. Pecans have a wrinkled appearance like walnuts but are more slender. They have a rich, buttery, and nutty flavor that sets them apart from all other nuts. However, you may be surprised to know that there are around 500 different varieties of pecan. All types of pecans are similar yet vary a bit in shape, shell type, texture, oil content, and, most importantly flavor. Some have a more buttery flavor while others are nuttier. Some have hard shells, while others have light, paper-thin shells. Here are some of the most popular types of pecans. Desirable, Stuart and Cape Fear are the most liked varieties of pecan in this list.
Desirable Most farmers consider Desirable to be the gold standard in contrast to other pecan types. It is the most planted pecan crop in the United States. It has more oil content than most of the varieties. It is long and has a medium to softshell that is easy to crack. Although pecan trees that produce this variety are more susceptible to diseases, especially the scab disease, many growers and consumers prefer this type because of its reliability and quality.
Cape Fear The Cape Fear pecan mostly grows in Texas and in some parts of Mexico, as it does not have resistance to cold. The Cape Fear pecan tree is a heavy producer and is resistant to Pecan scab. The nut is lighter than most other varieties because of its thinner shell, golden color, and rich flavor. Farmers developed the Cape Fear pecan in North Carolina and introduced it in the market in the late 1930s. It is among the earliest pecan varieties being produced.
Elliot Some pecan connoisseurs consider Elliot to be the best-tasting pecan variety. The Elliot pecan tree is one of the most disease-resistant varieties that grow in warmer states. It has very little tolerance to cold but can withstand high temperatures. Elliot pecan has a teardrop-like shape, thick shell, and plumped kernel. It has higher oil content and a rich buttery flavor. Moreland
Moreland pecans are popular for excellent yield and well-fitted nuts. Moreland pecans were discovered the first time in Louisiana. The trees have a very good resistance against Pecan scab and other diseases. They can also withstand drought and high temperatures. They mostly grow in Louisiana, Florida and some parts of South America.
Western Schley As the name suggests, Western Schley is grown in the western regions like Texas, New Mexico, California, Arizona, and Oklahoma. The tree produces an oblong-shaped nut with a thin shell and a high-quality flavor. The nut size is small to medium. It is a low-maintenance and high-yield pecan tree that can yield in its 4th or 5th year.
Stuart Pecans of this variety are native to the Southeast portion of the US, particularly in Georgia. Stuart is resistant to Pecan scab but susceptible to yellow and black aphids, and other common pecan diseases. However, the pecan tree of this variety is generally excellent and consistent producers of the nut. The tree is easy to maintain and requires less maintenance than other varieties. The tree gives fruit usually between 6 to 8 years. This is why it is the choice of many home growers.
Stuart is medium-sized pecan and is a bit smaller than the Desirable. The shell of Stuart is thicker and harder than most of the pecans. This makes them less use and processing of Stuart variety in the industries.